Mechanical Interview Questions

  1. What is the difference between Critical Speed and Whirling Speed?
  2.   In Solid mechanics, in the field of rotor dynamics, the critical speed is the theoretical angular velocity which excites the natural frequency of a rotating object, such as a shaft, propeller or gear. As the speed of rotation approaches the objects natural frequency, the object begins to resonate which dramatically increases system vibration. The resulting resonance occurs regardless of orientation.Whirling Speed is due to the unbalanced forces acting on a rotating shaft.

  3. How a Diesel Engine Works as Generator?
  4.   Diesel engine is a prime mover, for a generator, pump,and for vehicles etc. generator is connected to engine by shaft. mostly in thermal power plat ,there is an engine is used to drive generator to generate power.

  5. Explain Second Law of Thermodynamics?
  6.   The entropy of the universe increases over time and moves towards a maximum value.

  7. Compare Brayton Cycle and Otto Cycle?
  8.   The heat addition and rejection processes in Otto cycle are of constant volume, whereas in Brayton cycle, they are of constant pressure.
    -Otto cycle is the ideal cycle for spark ignition engines.
    -Brayton cycle is the ideal cycle for gas power turbines.

  9. What is the purpose of Scrapper Ring?
  10.   Scrap the excess lube oil from the cylinder walls. there by preventing oil from entering combustion zone.

  11. What is DTSI Technology?
  12.   DTSI stands for Digital Twin Spark Plug Ignition. The vehicles with DTSI Technology use 2 spark plugs which are controlled by digital circuit. It results in efficient combustion of air fuel mixture.

    • Digital – Since the spark generation will be initiated by a microchip.
    • Twin – Since two spark plugs will be used.
    • Spark ignition – Since the ignition will be done via a spark.
  13. How to Find, Ductile-Brittle Transition Temperature in Metals?
  14.   The point at which the fracture energy passes below a pre-determined point for a standard Impact tests. DBTT is important since, once a material is cooled below the DBTT, it has a much greater tendency to shatter on impact instead of bending or deforming.

  15. What is the importance of Thermodynamics?
  16.   All the mechanical engineering systems are studied with the help of thermodynamics. Hence it is very important for the mechanical engineers.

  17. What is the difference between P11 and P12 Pipes?
  18.   P11 the chromium molybdenum composition that is 1% ofchromium and 1/4% of molybdenum
    P12 the chromium molybdenum composition that is 1% ofchromium and 2% of molybdenum

  19. State difference between AnitiFriction Bearing and Journal Bearing?
  20.   Generally, journal bearings have higher friction force, consume higher energy and release more heat, but they have larger contact surface, so normally used in low speed high load applications. In anti friction bearings friction is less. One object just rolls over each other.